Port of Rome (Civitavecchia,)
Hundreds of cruiseliners dock each year at the Port of Civitavecchia, which is located about 40 miles north-west of Rome. Cruise companies represented include Costa, Azamara, Princess, and Celebrity. An efficient train service links the port to Rome’s center, the time for the trip is a little over 70 minutes.
The Roman Emperor Trajan founded the Port of Civitavecchia in the part of the second century, calling it Centumcellae. Today, ruins of the original Port, which lie inside the modern port, can still be seen. At the end of the fifteenth century, the Port of Civitavecchia was subject to pilaging by mercenaries. Pope Julius II commissioned the construction of a fort to guard the harbor. The works were completed by Michelangelo in 1537. In the 19th century Civitavecchia was connected to Rome by a railway. World War II saw the destruction of large parts of the Port. Post-war reconstruction extended the Harbor beyond its pre-war size.
Today Civitavecchia caters for over 2000 cruise ship and ferry movements a year, for nearly 2 million passengers, making it the third busiest Mediterranean port (after Barcelona and Venice). The Port of Civitavecchia contains over 20 piers. Much of the harbor is occupied by container and ferry ships. Cruise ships berth at piers on the inside of the main sea wall. The berths for cruise ships are 11 – Traianea, and 12/12B/13A/13B (Antemurale Colombo). Sometimes 25 (Commerciale) across the harbor is also utilised. There are currently three cruise terminals, named the Bramante on pier 12, and non-permanent terminals at quays 11 and 25. Cruise itineraries departing from the port concentrate on the East Mediterranean – Greece, the Greek Islands and Istanbul, or the Western Mediterranean – Spain, France and the Balearics.
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